The Lincoln memorial is located in Washington D.C., and was built in honour of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the U.S. It was designed by Henry Bacon in the form of a Greek temple, been sculpted by Daniel Chester French, and the interior walls painted by Jules Guerin. The building contains a considerable seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln, with two famous speeches inscribed. The building is situated on a 107.43 acre area governed by the National Park service, and attracted 3,638,806 visitors in 2005. It has also been the site of numerous famous speeches such as Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream” speech in 1963. The memorial is pictured on the reverse of the Lincoln one cent coin.
The Lincoln Memorial had its first stone put in place on February 12th 1914, Lincoln’s birthday. The stone is Indiana limestone quarried in Marble, Colorado. The 36 huge columns towering 10 metres high and where used to represent the 36 states which were around when Lincoln was assassinated.
Inside, a sculpture of Lincoln sitting on a throne is the main feature, and was sculpted by Daniel Chester French out of white Georgia marble. It stands at 6 metres and pictures Lincoln staring down the Reflecting Pool which sits outside the Memorial, towards the east.
In 1963 one of America’s greatest political rallies, the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, attracted 250,000 people. At this event Martin Luther King gave his “I have a dream” speech, which is now marked on a tile at the position in which he stood.