Abraham Lincoln was born on February the twelfth 1809, and became the 16th President of the United States on March the 4th 1861 at the age of 52, he died four years later on April the 15th 1865 at the age of 56. He was born in Hardin County, Kentucky to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks into a small log cabin with just one room. His parents were uneducated farmers working on the 348 acre site the log cabin was situated on.
In 1832 Lincoln began his political career creating a campaign for the Whig Party, which was improving navigation on the Sangamon River. Then on November 4th 1842 Lincoln married Mary Todd, and together they had four sons, of which only one survived into adulthood.
In 1846 Lincoln was elected into the US House of Representatives, where he accredited the Mexican-American War to President Polk’s need for “military glory”. He then tarnished his status with a speech which angered the Democrats.
In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was chosen to become the Republican candidate for the elections because of his temperate views on slavery and his western origin. Throughout the election Lincoln gave no speeches as it was handled by the Republican organization. On November the 6th 1860 Lincoln was elected to become the 16th President of the U.S. beating the other contestants; Stephan A. Douglas, John C. Breckinridge and John Bell.
While Lincoln was president, the American Civil War started. The fighting began in 1861, and took up much of the presidents time, resulting in much frustration, until April 9th 1865 when Robert E. Lee, the United States Army Officer surrendered in Virginia, ending the war.
On April 14th 1865 Lincoln attended Our American Cousins, a play in Ford’s Theatre, without his body guard. John Wilkes Booth knew of this and formulated a plan to assassinate Lincoln. While Lincoln sat in the Balcony, Booth, at the point of the funniest line, fired a .44 calibre bullet into the back of Lincolns head at point blank range. Booth hoped the laughter would cover the gunshot noise; however Major Henry Rathbone grabbed him, before being cut by Booths knife. Booth then jumped from the balcony and escaped with a fractured leg. Lincoln was moved to Petersen House across the street, where he lay in a coma for nine hours before passing away. Booth however was hunted down for twelve days before being shot.