Abraham Lincoln Penny
The Lincoln cent was first used in 1909 till 1958, and then a new design since 1959. It is the current cent coin in circulation in the United States of America, and is the longest used design in American coins. The date of its introduction was 100 years after Abraham Lincoln was born, with the reverse design being altered 50 years after it was introduced, and it is planned again in 2009.
The obverse design was the first common coin bearing a portrait, along with the motto “in god we trust”, which was suspect to some controversy because of the religious meaning. The reverse design has had two versions produced so far. The first, produced between 1909 and 1958 bared the text “E Pluribus Unum” which stands for “out of many, one”, the national motto for America. In large letters “One Cent” is embossed, with “United States of America” underneath. In the newer version, produced in 1959, 150 years after Lincoln was born the coin was altered to include the Lincoln Memorial and Statue. This resulted in the Abraham Lincoln Penny becoming the first coin to have a person embossed on both sides of the coin.
The Abraham Lincoln Penny was first composed of ninety five percent copper and five percent tin and zinc, which was later changed in 1943 when a war time cent needed to be produced, as the metal needed to be put to better use in the war. The coin was then made of low grade carbon steel with a 0.127mm zinc coating. After many revisions the coin was finally changed to a copper plated zinc composition in 1982. The current Lincoln penny weighs 2.5 grams.
The Lincoln cent coins were produced by Mint. A few random errors created rare and valuable coins of which are collected by enthusiasts. These include doubled die cents and off centre strikes which increased their value hugely.